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Te Whakatō i te kākano

I ngā tau whitu tekau o tērā rau tau, i oreore te iwi Māori kia whakapūmauhia tōna Māoritanga.Ka toko ake te whakaaro ko te reo tonu te poutokomanawa e tū rangatira ai tātou hei Māori.

I marama te kite a ngā kaumātua me ngā rangatira e mate haere ana te reo Māori. Ka whānau mai ko ngā rōpū āki i te reo me ngā tikanga ki ngā taone.

Ka whakatūria he hui ā-motu ki Te Whanganui-a-Tara i te tau kotahi mano, iwa te kau,whitu tekau mā iwa, ka karangahia he hui mō ngā Kaumātua o te motu (Aotearoa whānui) kia  whakakao mai ki te whakawhiti kōrero, me te rapu huarahi hei pupuri i te reo Māori mō ngā reanga kei te whai mai.

Hei te tau whai muri mai ka  whakaritea anō he hui ki Ngaruawāhia, ki roto o Tainui, ā, i reira ka whānau mai ko Te Kōhanga reo.

I taua hui anō i whakatauhia ko ngā whānau me ngā tamariki, mai i te whakairatanga tae noa ki te wā ka ono tau te pakeke te rōpū tika, te rōpū māia hei whakarauora i te reo me ōnā tikanga.

I te tau kotahi mano waru tekau mā tahi nā Te Tari Māori, e mōhiotia whānui nei i enei rā ko Te Puni Kōkiri, te whakaaetanga kia whakatūria he Kōhanga reo, hei tīmatatanga.

I te rā tekau mā toru o te marama o Paengawhawha i te tau kotahi mano, iwa rau,waru tekau mā rua, ka tū te Kōhanga reo tuatahi ki te wāhi o Pukeatua ki Wainuiomata ki te rohe o Te Whānganui a Tara.

Kaare i tino roa atu i tēra ka tū mai e whā anō ngā Kōhanga reo ki Waiwhetu, Kōkiri Seaview ā Maraeroa ki Poneke, me tētahi ki Orakei ki Tāmaki Makaurau.

Ka pau te kotahi tau, hei te marama o Paengawhāwhā ana kua kotahi rau, tekau mā rua kē ngā Kōhanga reo.

 

1977

Nā te Tari Māori i kōkiri te kaupapa Tū Tangata. I whakatūria i raro i ngā tikanga Māori. Ko Te Kōhanga Reo tētahi i puea ake i tēnei kaupapa.

 

1978

Kaumātua Wānangā

Nā te tāmate haere o te reo Māori ka tipu te āwangawanga kia tere wawe te whakarauora.

 

1979

Hui Kaumātua

Te hui kaumātua i whakatūria e Te Tari Māori ka whakamanatia  ko te reo te tino o  te mana Māori.

“Ko Te Reo te mauri o te Mana Māori”

1980

Wānanga Whakatauira

Ka puta te kōrero tautoko a ngā kaumātua Māori, kua tae mai te wā kia whītiki te ao Māori ki te whakapūpū i te oranga nui tonu mō te reo. Te kōrero a tētahi kaumātua:

“Whānau ana te tamaiti, me rarau atu, whakamau ki te ū, kei reira ka tīmata i te kōrero Māori”

1981

Wānanga Whakatauira

I whakatauria e Te Tari Māori i roto i āna ture, kia whāia ko te oranga o te reo hei kaupapa matua mōtaua tau.

Hui Whakatauira. Ka whakatauria mā ngā kura reo rua me āna kaupapa whakaako kōhungahunga e ora ai te reo.

I te tau 1981 ka tū ki Pukeatua he kura rūmaki i ngā mokopuna kōhungahunga i roto i te reo.

Ko Tā Himi Henare ( Te Tai Tokerau) te Heamana, ko Te Kahurangi Tilly Reedy  (Ngāti Porou) te Hekeretari, ko Hone Rangihau (Tūhoe). Nā tēnei rōpūka tapaina te ingoa Te Kōhanga Reo.

1982

  • January/February

CONSOLIDATION OF TE KŌHANGA REO POLICY:WHĀNAU THE KEY

Kōhanga Reo aims to arrest the decline of Māori speaking people by providing a whānau Māori environment in which mokopuna and tamariki are raised in order to

(i) foster the child's capacity to speak Māori after 5 years exposure in a Te Kōhanga Reo environment.

 

  • March

MEMORANDUM FOR CABINET COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURE (CCX)

Te Kōhanga Reo approved as a 1982/83 new policy for the operation of 5  Whānau Centres.

Pukeatua - Wainuiomata, Wellington  (1) 12 April 1982

Orakei - Tāmaki Makaurau

Kokiri - Seaview Wellington

Waiwhetu - Lower Hutt Wellington

Maraeroa - Porirua Wellington

CCX directed government officials of Māori Affairs, Health, Social Welfare, Education to provide a report by 28 February 1983.

 

  • April

First Te Kōhanga Reo, Pukeatua, opened.  Wainuiomata.

 

  • May 

Department of Māori Affairs, Education, Social Welfare and Health acting on instructions from Cabinet, set up the National Officials Co-ordinating Group whose role was to monitor the progress of the first five pilot Kōhanga Reo.

Ref: Government Review Team, 1988:12

 

  • December

50 Kōhanga Reo had opened in the first year, with many more in development.

Ref: Government Review Team, 1988:19

Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust was established to act as trustee of the kaupapa of Te Kōhanga Reo, acting on behalf of the people.

Government Review Team, 1988:28

1983

  • April

83 Kōhanga Reo established through whānau Māori commitment

Te Kōhanga Reo Trust Ad Hoc: Sets up to respond to the needs of Te Kohanga Reo Whānau groups.

 

  • May

CCX Interim Report submitted:  national official group charged with making final report by 29 February 1984.

 

  • June

Te Kōhanga Reo Trust Certificate Syllabus is put together “Blue Book.

Wage Worker Scheme funding allocated Te Kōhanga Reo Logo design

 

  • July

Tū Tangata Wānanga Whakatauira

“Closing the Gap”. Māori language and “The People”

Proposal: That the Maori people be asked to establish at least 300 whanau centres over the next two years in which Te Kōhanga Reo programmes will be provided for some 6,500 Māori children born each year.

The Proposal was unanimously accepted by the Wānanga Whakatauira.

 

  • December

170 Kohanga Reo now set up.

 Ref: Government Review Team, 1988:19

Te Kōhanga Reo Trust - Board Members

Tamati Reedy Secretary of Dept Māori Affairs

Iritana Tawhiwhirangi CEO of Maori Affairs Dept

Ruka Broughton Senior Lecturer Māori Studies Victoria University

John Bennett Chair Māori Education Foundation

Wiremu Kaa Director of Māori and Island Education

 

 

1984

  • January

First National Te Kōhanga Reo Hui- Ngaruawāhia- Over 1000 people attended

Establishment of Te Kōhanga Reo Trust approved “Charitable Trust Act 1957”

“Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust”

Te Kōhanga Reo Trust Certificate Syllabus approved

 

  • June

Te Kohanga Reo National programme computerised.

Te Kōhanga Reo Trust negotiates partnership with Department Māori Affairs

 

  • July

​​​​​​​Te Kōhanga Reo sets up 10 Trust Training Branches.

291 Te Kōhanga Reo, over 4000 children, 90 proposed to be established

Hui with Minister of Education.

 

  • August

​​​​​​​Te Kōhanga Reo Trust meets with the Minister of Māori Affairs Koro Wetere

Proposed Development:

·        Consolidation of Training branches to continue

·        Te Kōhanga Reo Health and Te Kōhanga Reo Training programmes

·        Māori language acquisition of Te Kōhanga Reo children to be surveyed and Data computerised.

·        Update:

·        295 Te Kōhanga Reo operating

·        105 proposed kōhanga Reo

·        11 Te Kōhanga Reo licenced under Department of Social Welfare.

·        4500 tamariki involved in Kōhanga Reo

·        2360 volunteers

 

  • October

​​​​​​​National Official Co-ordinating group asked by Cabinet to report to its Social Equity Committee on the future development of the Te Kōhanga Reo movement.

Government Review Team, 1988:12

 

  • December

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​269  Kōhanga Reo operating

 Government Review Team, 1988:19

1985

  • June

$2.5million from budget $5000 Koha grant to existing Kōhanga Reo and $5000

establishment grant to new Te Kōhanga Reo.

Early Childhood Workers Union speaks to Trust, Trust agrees that the “Union” of Te Kōhanga Reo is the whānau.

53 Training Branches established, 1022 trainees in Kōhanga Reo

 

  • August

- 10 Tangata Whenua computers purchased (Amiga), stage one training at the computer centre, Lower Hutt.

- Te Kōhanga Reo Trust, approves purchase of Aotearoa Broadcasting System

 

 

1986

  • January

Budget announcement of $9.1 million 1986,$11.1 million 1987,$11.1 million 1988.

- Te Kōhanga Reo meets at Porirua Aparangi Resource Centre

 

  • April

Te Kōhanga Reo Trust Meeting – Poroporoaki Trust Member Mr Ruka Broughton

 

  • May

Trust meets with TVNZ to discuss video and television resources for Te Kōhanga Reo

 

  • June

 - 433 Te Kōhanga Reo

 - 260 Marae Based, remainder share Kokiri, community halls and school buildings.

- Average charge is $18 with approx 18 in each centre

- 8100 mokopuna attend Te Kōhanga Reo

- Strong Kaumātua and Whānau support.

 

  • September

 

Combined hui with TVNZ, Department Māori Affairs and Department of Education to develop Te Kōhanga Reo programmes and

Te Waka Huia programmes.

30 Te Reo Video programmes by N Pewhairangi and K Mataira seen on TV will be given to all Kōhanga Reo and Training Branches who have TV/ Video units.

1987

  • TKR Hui Turangawaewae: Terms of reference finalised by the Social Equity Committee of the Cabinet for a review of the Te Kōhanga Reo movement. 

    Terms of reference finalised by the Social Equity Committee of the Cabinet for a review of the Te Kōhanga Reo movement.

    ·        To describe Māori Development and the place of Te kōhanga Reo within it

    ·        To clarify the goals and objectives for Te Kōhanga Reo;

    ·        To examine and report on the special cultural dimension that may be particular to Te Kōhanga Reo;

    ·        To examine and report on the special cultural dimension that may be particular to Te Kōhanga Reo;

    ·        To examine and report on the extent of whānau commitment and support for Te Kōhanga Reo;

    ·        To consider accountability to both the whānau/community and the Government;

    ·        To describe the place of Te Kōhanga Reo in early childhood care and education;

    ·        To report on the links between Kōnanga Reo and schools.

     

  • John Rangihau – Deputy Chairperson Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust

  • Te Okanga Huata – Deputy Chairperson Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust

  • Technology unit emerged – 1st wānanga held at Turangawaewae Kōhanga Reo

  • 512 Kohanga Reo now operating. 

     

     

     

1988

  • 11 District Taurima Teams established.  Local and District Tino Rangatiratanga units established.

  • Government Review of Kōhanga Reo report submitted.

  • 521 Kohanga Reo now operating.  

1989

  • Letter from Kōhanga  National Trust to dis-establish Local TRU branches and Taurima support teams.

    Department of Māori Affairs devolved

    Establishment of Tino Rangatiratanga training units

1990

Kōhanga Reo are Transferred to the new Ministry of Education

Property Putea initiated

Kōhanga reo work towards licencing

Memorandum of Agreement between the Trust, Ministry of Māori Affairs and the Ministry of Education, which acknowledges the autonomy of the movement and the importance of consultation on any new government policies.

Ministry of Education advertise contract to develop an EC curriculum with “An Aotearoa Flavour”

MOE call for tenders to develop ‘curriculum guideline for ECE services’

Waikato University (Dr Helen May & Margret Carr) approach the National Trust to join them and develop a curriculum

Te Kōhanga Reo host the World Indigenous People’s conference